Shana Fowler Hooks May 11th, 2019 - 13:31:10
The bottom line is if you want to know how to bait a hook, I mean really bait a hook, the answer is through the use of gang hooks. The real way to bait a hook is to use smaller hooks, and not only that but use two of them as well. The gang hook system was taught to me more than twenty years ago by a trout fishing master, and I've personally used them ever since.
The problem is that many types of bait aren't conducive for a single small hook and your bait gets taken by the trout easily. This is where a set of gang hooks come into play. When it comes to trout fishing hooks, gang hooks are a great way to go. This is especially true when trout fishing with live bait such as live worms. These trout fishing hooks are simply a pair of small hooks tied in tandem, which enable a worm to be presented in an outstretched and natural manner.
The size breakdown from smallest to largest looks like this: 32, 30, 28, 26, 24, 22, 20, 18, 16, 14, 12, 11, 10, 8, 6, 4, 2, 1, 1/0, 2/0, 3/0, 4/0, 5/0, 6/0, 7/0, 8/0, 9/0, 10/0, 11/0, 12/0, 13/0, 14/0, 15/0, 16/0, 17/0, 18/0, and 19/0.
Tuna hooks are almost circular hooks with just holes in the shank-end for the eyes, and a curved-in point. Contrary to its name, these are not for tuna fishing but mostly used for deepwater bottom fishing. The circular configuration makes it difficult for the hooked fish to dislodge the hook once caught due to three barriers: the barb, the turned-in point and the shank end. Theoretically, circle hooks do not catch the fish in the gut or throat, but in the mouth, so that releasing them is easier.
This was based on a substantial amount of data that has demonstrated dramatically lower mortality rates when using circle hooks (2%) versus standard J hooks (almost 50%). This data has held true also for Guatemala when studies have been done by the sportfishing fleet using circle hooks. J-hooks in the past have been utilized for conventional fishing - casting plugs, trolling and bait fishing.When fishing with these type of hooks, it is usually necessary to "set" the hook using a strong upward movement of the fishing pole which conducts a strong force down to the hook and so drives the point and the barb in to any available soft tissue.
As a consequence, if the fish has taken the bait past the bony elements of the outer mouth, there is a high probability of the hook catching and setting in soft tissue deep within the fish's gut or even in or close to vital organs.In the case of circle hooks however, instead of "setting" the hook by jerking the rod, the angler must apply steady pressure to the line, bringing it in slowly but steadily. If the angler jerks the rod to set the hook, the hook will often pull out of the fish's mouth and the angler will lose the fish. This is a technique that is somewhat counter-intuitive, and when faced with the thrill of a large billfish at close quarters is often easy to forget in the heat of the moment!