Jean Buckner Hooks May 15th, 2019 - 13:27:37
General purpose hooks. Exemplified by the round haddock, O'Shaughnessy and flatted hooks in their varied styles. Round haddock hooks have large eyes turned along the hook bend and point. Considered not as effective as others but almost perfect for multi-hook trolling flies, since the tinsel or fiber can be threaded through the large eye to hold them more securely. Still remains popular in many areas.
Special design hooks. These are the keel hooks, jig, Kahle, and offset hooks. Keel (worm) hooks, those with shanks double-bent just below the eye so the point will ride upward, used primarily for saltwater flies and for soft-plastic worms in freshwater fishing. Jig hooks are bent in 90 degrees or so just below the eye which then makes the point to ride up. The lead weight is molded around the shank bend, making the jig virtually weedless.
LIVE BAIT These hooks generally have a shorter shank than other hooks. Whether that is to allow the live bait to swim more freely or to be less apparent to the fish is debatable. My vote is to allow the bait to swim more freely. These hooks come in regular and circle designs. Regular live bait hooks will be swallowed and result in gut hooks most of the time. Circle live bait hooks provide a greater chance for a good release.
BAITHOLDER Baitholder Hooks - These are very widely used by sea anglers. These are good hooks for worm bait they have a ringed eye and have 2 slices or barbs in the shank to assist with holding the bait up the shank of the hook.
This was based on a substantial amount of data that has demonstrated dramatically lower mortality rates when using circle hooks (2%) versus standard J hooks (almost 50%). This data has held true also for Guatemala when studies have been done by the sportfishing fleet using circle hooks. J-hooks in the past have been utilized for conventional fishing - casting plugs, trolling and bait fishing.When fishing with these type of hooks, it is usually necessary to "set" the hook using a strong upward movement of the fishing pole which conducts a strong force down to the hook and so drives the point and the barb in to any available soft tissue.
Finally, to all of you who are new to fishing, try taking these examples and build your learning experiences upon them. Trial and error are often the best teachers in any skill.