Cecilia Foley Hooks May 10th, 2019 - 13:00:10
Round hooks. These are the egg hooks and tuna circle hooks. The egg hook is a small short-shanked hook with a turned-out or turned-in eye almost exclusively used in river or lake fishing for trout using salmon egg as bait. Since salmon eggs bounce along the river bottom as they drift with the current, egg hooks are used so as not to impair this movement and impart an unnatural look to the bait eggs.
Hook size is probably the first thing a sea angler should think of when buying hooks. Most are smart enough to know which hook is the right size for the fish they are after but it takes experience. Sizes from most manufacturers range from the very smallest freshwater trout hook at a number 32, to the very largest game fish hook at 19/0.
A Kahle hook has a severe bend in the shank and is largely used for live bait - crawfish, baitfish and shrimp- as well as stink baits. The Skip Gap Worm hook is bent a few times at the shank near the eye to better hold plastic baits such as worms, grubs and newts. The bait is flipped under wood piers and docks or around weeds so a good hold is imperative.
This was based on a substantial amount of data that has demonstrated dramatically lower mortality rates when using circle hooks (2%) versus standard J hooks (almost 50%). This data has held true also for Guatemala when studies have been done by the sportfishing fleet using circle hooks. J-hooks in the past have been utilized for conventional fishing - casting plugs, trolling and bait fishing.When fishing with these type of hooks, it is usually necessary to "set" the hook using a strong upward movement of the fishing pole which conducts a strong force down to the hook and so drives the point and the barb in to any available soft tissue.
Circle hooks have rapidly gained popularity over the recent years. These hooks are characterized by their similarities to the letter G. Circle hooks can be very effective when targeting fish species with sharp teeth, as they are designed to set in the corner of the mouth, away from any line chewing teeth. This type of hook can become quite expensive, as many come laser sharpened to increase their effectiveness. The disadvantage of this type of bait hook is that it is extremely difficult to pin your bait on a circle hook and should be used mostly for fishing with big baits.
Trebles are three hooks welded into one, commonly used in lures, from crankbaits through trolling lures to diamond jigs. A treble hook is usually attached to the lure via a split ring to give it free play, although some use hook eyes. Trebles can be effective also in certain fly designs, especially those that are made to resemble octopuses or squids.