Priscilla Newton Hooks May 10th, 2019 - 13:28:39
It's not just pure fishing luck that makes the difference in all sea anglers catching more than you. Most of the time it's the hook choice you make on the day. A thick forged hook is not the right choice for small fish, fish with small mouths or soft lipped fish. A thin Aberdeen wire hook that can penetrate quickly in the inside of the mouth would be a better choice however you would also need a hook that holds its strength and shape.
Special design hooks. These are the keel hooks, jig, Kahle, and offset hooks. Keel (worm) hooks, those with shanks double-bent just below the eye so the point will ride upward, used primarily for saltwater flies and for soft-plastic worms in freshwater fishing. Jig hooks are bent in 90 degrees or so just below the eye which then makes the point to ride up. The lead weight is molded around the shank bend, making the jig virtually weedless.
J-hooks are the hooks many anglers refer to when they speak of a fishing bait hook. They are the ones that are shaped and resemble the letter J, thus the name J-hook. The fishing line is thread through the eye of the hook and then tied with the appropriate knot. J-hooks come in barbed and barb-less versions for those who like to practice catch and release. J-hooks should match in size to line class, fishing tackle and the type of bait being used.
The O'Shaughnessy style is deemed the best all-purpose type, and many variations are available. This style has a small eye turned perpendicular to the bend and point, and with the shank bent a little forward. Variations include the baitholder, with the small points at the shank to hold the soft bait; and snelled hooks with turned-in or -out eyes, sold with short leaders already tied. Weedless hooks are those with a short piece of wire from the eye to the point, to ward off weeds and other water debris from lodging in the hook bend or point. Weedless hooks are mostly used in fishing water with thick vegetation, either with bait or as flyhook. Many hooks can be rigged weedless, though.
In sea fishing in the UK, average range is from a Size 1 to a Size 10/0 been a boat hook. For example Mackerel fishing, you should be using a size 1/0 hook, for Pollack from the shore you could use a size 3/0 or 4/0 and also you can use this size for most bottom fishing needs. Flatfish you are better off using a size 1 or 1/0 due to their small mouths. Remember all of these hooks come in a short, regular, or long shank version. The shank of the hook is the part between the eye of the hook and the bend. For example long shanks are very well suited for Sandeel baits, Lug or Rag threaded up the shank for a more natural presentation.
We have also moved away from "J" type hooks for our Guatemala fly-fishing rigs, essentially for the same reasons - now preferring to use beak hooks.